UNESCO: Endangered Languages

It is estimated that, if nothing is done, half of 6000 plus languages spoken today will disappear by the end of this century. With the disappearance of unwritten and undocumented languages, humanity would lose not only a cultural wealth but also important ancestral knowledge embedded, in particular, in indigenous languages.

However, this process is neither inevitable nor irreversible: well-planned and implemented language policies can bolster the ongoing efforts of speaker communities to maintain or revitalize their mother tongues and pass them on to younger generations.The aim of UNESCO’s Endangered Languages Programme is to support communities, experts and governments by producing, coordinating and  disseminating :

  • tools for monitoring, advocacy, and assessment of status and trends in linguistic diversity,
  • services such as policy advice, technical expertise and training, good practices and a platform for exchange and transfer of skills.

- UNESCO Introduction to Endangered Languages

features to note:



Database: JSTOR

About: “JSTOR is a not–for–profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content in a trusted digital archive of over one thousand five hundred academic journals and other scholarly content. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new forms of scholarship." (from about.jstor.org )

Is the service free? yes | no

Browse By: Discipline | Title | Publisher

Citations included - yes | no

Additional features of note: You can save articles to your account or have them emailed to you.

Cons: Most articles are not current. (~5+ years old)



Title: Theoretical Perspectives on Native American Languages
Authors/Editors: Donna B. Gerdts & Karin Michelson
Length: 2 parts | 11 Chapters | 281 pages
Type: Fictional | Non-fictional 
Pictures: yes / no (however, linguistic diagrams are included)
Citation (MLA): Gerdts, Donna B., and Karin Michelson. Theoretical Perspectives on Native American Languages. Albany, NY: State University of New York, 1989. Print.
Google Books
Summary given: ”American linguistics has a tradition of finding unique and important insights from studies of Native American languages, often leading to innovations in current theories. At the same time, research on Native languages has been enhanced by the perspectives of modern theory. This book extends this tradition by presenting original analyses of aspects of six Native languages of Canada - Algonquin, Athapaskan, Eskimo, Iroquoian, Salishan, and Siouan.
Addressing problems relevant to phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics, the authors make both descriptive and theoretical contributions by presenting data that has not been previously published or treated from the viewpoint of contemporary theory”
Buy a physical copy

Title: Theoretical Perspectives on Native American Languages

Authors/Editors: Donna B. Gerdts & Karin Michelson

Length: 2 parts | 11 Chapters | 281 pages

Type: Fictional | Non-fictional 

Pictures: yes / no (however, linguistic diagrams are included)

Citation (MLA): Gerdts, Donna B., and Karin Michelson. Theoretical Perspectives on Native American Languages. Albany, NY: State University of New York, 1989. Print.

Google Books

Summary given: ”American linguistics has a tradition of finding unique and important insights from studies of Native American languages, often leading to innovations in current theories. At the same time, research on Native languages has been enhanced by the perspectives of modern theory. This book extends this tradition by presenting original analyses of aspects of six Native languages of Canada - Algonquin, Athapaskan, Eskimo, Iroquoian, Salishan, and Siouan.

Addressing problems relevant to phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics, the authors make both descriptive and theoretical contributions by presenting data that has not been previously published or treated from the viewpoint of contemporary theory”

Buy a physical copy



Title: A Primate’s Memoir - A Neuroscientist’s Unconventional Life Among the Baboons
Authors/Editors: Robert M. Sapolsky
Length: 4 parts | 29 Chapters | 304 pages
Type: Fictional | Non-fictional 
Pictures: yes / no 
Citation (MLA): Sapolsky, Robert M. A Primate’s Memoir. New York: Scribner, 2001. Print.
Google Books
Summary given: “I had never planned to become a savanna baboon when I grew up; instead, I had always assumed I would become a mountain gorilla,” writes Robert Sapolsky in this witty and riveting chronicle of a scientist’s coming-of-age in remote Africa.
An exhilarating account of Sapolsky’s twenty-one-year study of a troop of rambunctious baboons in Kenya, A Primate’s Memoir interweaves serious scientific observations with wry commentary about the challenges and pleasures of living in the wilds of the Serengeti — for man and beast alike. Over two decades, Sapolsky survives culinary atrocities, gunpoint encounters, and a surreal kidnapping, while witnessing the encroachment of the tourist mentality on the farthest vestiges of unspoiled Africa. As he conducts unprecedented physiological research on wild primates, he becomes evermore enamored of his subjects — unique and compelling characters in their own right — and he returns to them summer after summer, until tragedy finally prevents him.
By turns hilarious and poignant, A Primate’s Memoir is a magnum opus from one of our foremost science writers.”
Buy a physical copy

Title: A Primate’s Memoir - A Neuroscientist’s Unconventional Life Among the Baboons

Authors/Editors: Robert M. Sapolsky

Length: 4 parts | 29 Chapters | 304 pages

Type: Fictional | Non-fictional 

Pictures: yes / no 

Citation (MLA): Sapolsky, Robert M. A Primate’s Memoir. New York: Scribner, 2001. Print.

Google Books

Summary given:I had never planned to become a savanna baboon when I grew up; instead, I had always assumed I would become a mountain gorilla,” writes Robert Sapolsky in this witty and riveting chronicle of a scientist’s coming-of-age in remote Africa.

An exhilarating account of Sapolsky’s twenty-one-year study of a troop of rambunctious baboons in Kenya, A Primate’s Memoir interweaves serious scientific observations with wry commentary about the challenges and pleasures of living in the wilds of the Serengeti — for man and beast alike. Over two decades, Sapolsky survives culinary atrocities, gunpoint encounters, and a surreal kidnapping, while witnessing the encroachment of the tourist mentality on the farthest vestiges of unspoiled Africa. As he conducts unprecedented physiological research on wild primates, he becomes evermore enamored of his subjects — unique and compelling characters in their own right — and he returns to them summer after summer, until tragedy finally prevents him.

By turns hilarious and poignant, A Primate’s Memoir is a magnum opus from one of our foremost science writers.

Buy a physical copy



Society for Linguistic Anthropology

"Linguistic Anthropology is the comparative study of the ways in which language shapes social life. It explores the many ways in which practices of language use shape patterns of communication, formulate categories of social identity and group membership, organize large-scale cultural beliefs and ideologies, and, in conjunction with other semiotic practices, equip people with common cultural representations of their natural and social worlds. If you are interested in studying linguistic anthropology, be sure to visit our directory of linguistic anthropology programs.

The Society for Linguistic Anthropology (SLA) is a section of the American Anthropological Association (AAA). To join the SLA, pelase register via the AAA website. Membership entitles you to a complementary subscription to the Journal of Linguistic Anthropology. In addition to this website and blog, we also maintain several e-mail lists, organize academic meetings and award prizes for outstanding work in the discipline. See here for a list of officers and the by-laws of the SLA. If you’d like to contact the SLA, please use our contact form.”

-From the “About the SLA



Understanding Race

Looking through the eyes of history, science and lived experience, the RACE Project explains differences among people and reveals the reality – and unreality – of race.  The story of race is complex and may challenge how we think about race and human variation, about the differences and similarities among people.

-From the “About the Project



American Anthropological Association

Founded in 1902, the American Anthropological Association (AAA) is the world’s largest organization of individuals interested in anthropology. Although there were several other American anthropological societies in existence at the turn of the 20th century, this new, national organization was formed “to promote the science of anthropology, to stimulate and coordinate the efforts of American anthropologists, to foster local and other societies devoted to anthropology, to serve as a bond among American anthropologists and anthropologic[al] organizations present and prospective, and to publish and encourage the publication of matter pertaining to anthropology” (AAA Articles of Incorporation). At its incorporation, the Association also assumed responsibility for the American Anthropologist, which was originally begun in 1888 by the Anthropological Society of Washington (ASW). By 1905, the journal also served the American Ethnological Society, in addition to the AAA and ASW.

- From the “About AAA